When your child is ready, move on to pencil and paper. Build confidence by letting your preschooler trace simple lines and shapes, then proceed to letters. You can eventually teach your child to write his name by letting him trace or copy it daily. If your child needs help remembering how to spell her name, practice with fridge magnets, letter tiles or alphabet blocks.
The first step to teaching the above is strengthening the small muscles in the hands and wrists that are used in handwriting. This process is often referred to as building fine motor skills. You can encourage fine motor development by having your child use art supplies like crayons, paints, markers, glue and scissors.
Ideally, children who have been introduced to reading modeling behavior enter kindergarten and first grade ready and eager to read on their own. For most children, the formal teaching of reading begins in these grades. Most educators, homeschool or otherwise, use a combination of phonics programs, worksheets, and actual books to teach reading. These are all tried and true methods and can result in reading success. A relatively new methodology, syllabics, extends the focus of phonics programs on the sounds associated with the consonant letters to simple rules for correctly using the variable sounds associated with the vowels.
Kindergarten worksheets are often of much value in helping kindergarten children learn and re-inforce basic concepts in an interesting way. Small children usually like to do things rather than just read or listen. They also get bored rather easily. Therefore giving them well-designed, illustrated worksheets to do makes it easier and more fun for them to learn. Completing a worksheet also gives a child a great sense of fulfillment. In fact, not just for kindergarten, but even for older learners worksheets can form a valuable part of the learning process.